Vertical Farming: Expectations vs. Reality
Vertical farming shows great potential to make agriculture meet the growing need for food. There are however several issues that feed discussion whether it is the next big thing or not. Vertical Farming is the practice of growing crops in vertically stacked layers, which reduces the amount of space needed for an equal amount of production. Since it falls under the category of Controlled Environment Architecture, there is also less need for water and production is not threatened by environmental conditions like temperature or plant diseases.
Vertical farming is thought to be the ideal replacement for traditional agriculture
Especially because of its potential for urban use! It can bring food production closer to urban consumers, which drastically reduces transport needs. It is expected that the vertical farming market will be five times larger by 2030. There are however several challenges to this expectation.
The main problem today...
The enormous need for energy to simulate outdoor conditions for optimal crop growth. Add to that the need for highly educated labour and a high dependence on advanced technology. This shows that the next couple of years will be “make it or break it” for Vertical Farming.